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2019年常州英语中考阅读热点预测1
 
发布日期: 2019-04-16  


Scientists warn using a smart phone at mealtimes can lead to an expanding waistline. 吃饭的时候刷手机?你就等着变胖吧!

 

Using a smart phone at mealtimes can lead to an expanding waistline(腰围), say scientists.

 

Researchers have found that men and women consumed(吃;摄入) 15 percent more calories when looking at their phones while eating. They also ate more fatty food.

 

The groundbreaking(全新的) study suggests that staring at a phone screen may distract(分散) diners from how much food they are actually eating.

 

“It may prevent the correct understanding of the brain over the amount of food ingested(食入),” said researchers who filmed 62 volunteers eating alone.

 

The men and women, aged 18 to 28, were invited to help themselves to a choice of food––ranging from healthy options to soft drinks and chocolate––until they were satisfied. In three trials, the volunteers were recorded eating with no distractions, using a smart phone or reading a magazine.

 

On average, the volunteers ate 535 calories without the distraction of a smart phone but 591 when using a mobile.

 

Those in the sample who were classed as overweight ate 616 calories while using their phones. When in possession of(拥有)their mobiles, the volunteers also consumed 10 percent more fatty foods. They also ate more when reading a magazine.

 

“Smart phone use during a meal increased calorie and fat intake,” said Márcio Gilberto Zangeronimoa, a lead author of the study––carried out(执行) at the Federal University of Lavras in Brazil and University Medical Center Utrecht in the Netherlands.

 

He added: Tablets and smart phones have become the main ‘distraction’ during meals, even early in childhood, so it is important to pay attention to how this may impact food choices.

 

“These distractions prevent the brain correctly understanding the amount of food ingested.”

 

The study is published in the journal Physiology And Behavio

 

单词笔记

 

waistline    n. 腰围

consume    v. 吃;摄入

groundbreaking    adj. 全新的 

distract    v. 分散

distraction    n.分散

ingest    v. 食入;摄入

impact    v. 影响

rang (from)... to...    ............的范围    

in possession of    拥有;占有

carry out    执行;进行

重点讲解

 

 Researchers have found that men and women consumed 15 percent more calories when looking at their phones while eating.

 

亮点词汇consume 吃;摄入

难句解析that 引导宾语从句,做动词found 的宾语;宾语从句中还包含一个when引导的时间状语从句。

注释that 引导宾语从句,做动词found 的宾语;宾语从句中还包含一个when引导的时间状语从句。

 

 The groundbreaking study suggests that staring at a phone screen may distract diners from how much food they are actually eating.

 

亮点词汇groundbreaking 全新的; distract 分散

难句解析that 引导宾语从句,做动词suggest的宾语;staring at... 分词短语做宾语从句的主语。

注释:这项开创性研究显示,盯着手机屏幕会分散进餐者的注意力,让他们忘记自己究竟吃了多少。

 

 The men and women, aged 18 to 28, were invited to help themselves to a choice of food––ranging from healthy options to soft drinks and chocolate––until they were satisfied.

 

亮点词汇rang (from)... to...  ............的范围

注释:参与研究的志愿者年龄在18岁到28岁之间,研究人员让他们随意选择食物,有健康食品、软饮料,也有巧克力,吃到满意为止。

 

 When in possession of their mobiles, the volunteers also consumed 10 percent more fatty foods. They also ate more when reading a magazine.

 

亮点词汇in possession of  拥有;占有

注释:边吃饭边刷手机时,志愿者摄入的高脂肪食物比专心进食时多10%

 

 He added: Tablets and smart phones have become the main ‘distraction’ during meals, even early in childhood, so it is important to pay attention to how this may impact food choices.

 

亮点词汇pay attention to 关注; impact 影响=influence

注释:他补充说:平板电脑和智能手机已经成为人们用餐时的主要干扰项,甚至包括儿童时期,因此关注手机如何影响人们的进食选择具有重要意义。

 

 

设题点

对细节的理解和推断

 

命题示例1

What does the underlined word “expanding” mean in Chinese in this passage?

A.减少

B.改善

C.增加

D.联系

 

【解析】expand v. 增加;扩大。句意:科学家发现,一边吃饭一边刷手机容易让人变胖。且通读下文内容也可知此处应该是指增加。

【答案】C

 

命题示例2 

How many calories do volunteers ate when using a mobile phone?

A.535 calories.

B.591 calories.       

C.616 calories.

D.We don’t know. 

 

【解析】根据文章第六段“On average, the volunteers ate 535 calories without the distraction of a smart phone but 591 when using a mobile.”可知答案。

【答案】B

 

命题示例3

Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

A.Men and women consumed 15 percent more calories when looking at their phones while eating.

B.Staring at a phone screen may distract diners from how much food they are actually eating.

C.Smart phone use during a meal decreased calorie and fat intake according to a study.

D.The volunteers also ate more when reading a magazine.

 

【解析】根据文章第八段第一句中的“Smart phone use during a meal increased calorie and fat intake...”可知是增加,不是减少,故C项错误。

【答案】C

 

 

 
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